Nutritional Information on Selected Foods
- Kidney Disease in Dogs
- Tests used to Diagnose Kidney Disease
- Diet for Dogs with Kidney Disease
- Medical Treatment for Dogs with Kidney Disease
Notes on using this table:
- The most important value is on the far right, mg of phosphorus per 100 kcals. This allows you to compare different foods to each other, and to prescription kidney diets in the section on Prescription Diets. For dogs with early stage kidney disease, try to find a combination of foods that average out to 150 mg of phosphorus or less per 100 kcals. The prescription diets for late stage kidney disease have anywhere from 45 to 95 mg phosphorus per 100 kcals.
- Color coding: phosphorus values are colored red as a reminder that this is the number you need to be most concerned about. In the Phosphorus per 100 kcals column, the best values are colored green, the acceptable values are colored blue, and the higher values are colored orange, with very high values red.
- Remember that dogs with significant amounts of protein in the urine will need moderate protein reduction in their diet, and dogs that are uremic (BUN over 80) will need protein restricted to control symptoms, but otherwise protein is fine to feed in any amount, it's only phosphorus that you need to be concerned with.
- Data on Raw Meaty Bones is from various sources, including Raw Meaty Bones Analysis and Nutritional Analysis of Chicken & Turkey Necks (no longer available). Whole chicken data taken from Nutrient Composition of Whole Vertebrate Prey. Percentages of meat, bone, skin and separable fat are taken from the USDA Nutrient Database. Calorie amounts shown in parentheses are for 100 grams of meat only, so are for comparison only, they're not considered accurate. That also means that the Phos/100 kcals are not accurate as well, and are also shown in parentheses.
- Values for Protein, Fat and Carbs are grams per 100 grams (approximately 3.5 ounces, or a little less than 1/2 cup). Values for Calcium and Phosphorus are milligrams per 100 grams. Egg yolks are grams per 2 large eggs (34 grams). Egg whites are grams per 2 large eggs (66 grams). All values are as fed, not dry matter.
- Note that values for ground meat can vary based on the amount of fat, whether skin is included, what type of meat (e.g., dark meat vs. light meat chicken), and other factors. In general, higher fat, meat with fat, and dark meat (which is fattier) has less protein and less phosphorus.
- To convert to ounces, multiply by .2835 (roughly, divide by 4). To convert to pounds, multiply by 4.54 (roughly, by 5).
- Kcal is an abbreviation for calories.
|Food||Protein||Fat||Carbs||kcal||Calcium||Phos||phos/ 100 kcal|
|Ground Beef (20% fat)||17.2||20.0||0.0||254||18||158||62|
|Ground Beef (10% fat)||20.0||10.0||0.0||176||12||184||105|
|Ground Turkey (7% fat)||18.7||8.3||0.0||150||21||193||129|
|Chicken, Dark Meat and Skin||16.7||18.3||0.0||237||11||136||57|
|Chicken Breast (skinless)||21.2||1.2||0.0||114||5||210||184|
|Ground Pork (28% fat)||14.9||28||0.1||314||16||132||42|
|Meat (cooked -- values per 100 grams go up because there is less moisture after cooking):|
|Ground Beef (20% fat) pan-broiled||24.0||15.9||0.0||246||26||205||83|
|Ground Beef (10% fat) pan-broiled||25.2||10.7||0.0||204||15||216||106|
|Ground Turkey (7% fat) pan-broiled||27.1||11.6||0.0||213||31||259||122|
|Chicken, Dark Meat and Skin, roasted||26.0||15.8||0.0||253||15||168||66|
|Chicken Breast (skinless), roasted||31.0||3.6||0.0||165||15||228||138|
|Ground Pork (28% fat), pan-broiled||22.6||31.4||0.0||377||20||181||48|
|Ground Lamb, broiled||24.8||19.7||0.0||283||22||201||71|
|Braunschweiger (liver sausage)||14.5||28.5||3.1||327||9||168||51|
|Abady Beef Kidney (canned, cooked)||9.6||8.0||2.2||116||95||158||135|
|Fish (canned -- use fish canned in water, drain and rinse before feeding):|
|Jack Mackerel (canned, drained)||23.2||6.3||0.0||156||241||301||193|
|Pink Salmon (canned, drained)||23.1||4.8||0.0||136||277||365||268|
|Sardines (canned in tomato sauce, drained)||18.6||9.3||0.7||166||214||326||196|
|Green Tripe (raw, per greentripe.com)||13.3||12.75||1.7||212||100||130||61|
|Abady Green Tripe (canned, cooked)||8.5||10||2.3||134||226||164||122|
|Canine Caviar Venison Tripe (canned)||15.0||11.5||1.1||167||220||190||114|
|Whole Milk Yogurt||3.5||3.3||4.7||61||121||95||156|
|Whole Milk Kefir||3.3||3.5||2.2||61||120||100||164|
|Cottage Cheese (creamed)||12.5||4.5||2.7||103||60||132||128|
|Ricotta Cheese (whole milk)||11.3||13.0||3.0||174||207||158||91|
|Mozzarella Cheese (whole milk)||22.2||22.4||2.2||300||505||354||118|
|Heavy Whipping Cream||2.1||37.0||2.8||345||65||62||18|
|Eggs (2 large=100 grams)||12.6||9.9||0.8||147||53||191||130|
|Egg Yolks (2 large=34 grams)||5.4||9.0||1.2||110||44||133||122|
|Egg Whites (2 large=66 grams)||7.2||0.1||0.5||34||5||10||29|
|Raw Meaty Bones:|
|Chicken Necks (with skin): 25% meat, 36% bone, 39% skin and separable fat||12.7||16.7||267||700-840||420-870||242|
|Chicken Necks (w/o skin): 41% meat, 59% bone||15.6||11.1||152||890-1580||500-1415||630|
|Chicken Backs (with skin): 29% meat, 44% bone, 10% skin, 17% sep fat||15.4||15.8||208||740-1300||480-970||349|
|Chicken Backs (w/o skin): 40% meat, 60% bone||16.1||7.2||(137)||1500||840||(613)|
|Chicken Wings (with skin): 32% meat, 46% bone, 22% skin and sep fat||17.5||15.3||244||620-1150||430-660||223|
|Chicken Legs (with skin): 57% meat, 27% bone, 11% skin, 5% separable fat||17.2||11.4||(187)||770-1190||540-690||(329)|
|Whole Chicken: 48-51% meat, 28-32% bone, 12-14% skin, 7-8% separable fat||13.8||12.3||192||723||456||237|
|Turkey Necks: 58% meat, 42% bone||17.0||7.9||116||1190-2590||670-1390||888|
|Rabbit (whole, skinless)||17.8||5.8||0||125||500-800||370-690||424|
|Sweet Potatoes (boiled)||1.4||0.1||17.7||76||27||32||42|
|Yams (boiled or baked)||1.5||0.1||27.6||116||14||49||42|
|Winter Squash (Acorn, Butternut, etc)||0.9||0.4||8.9||37||22||19||51|
|Canned Pumpkin (plain)||1.1||0.3||8.2||34||26||35||103|
|Farina (Cream of Wheat)*||1.4||0.1||10.5||48||4||12||25|
|Cream of Wheat (Instant)*||1.8||0.2||13.1||62||64||18||29|
|Cream of Wheat (Quick)*||3.6||0.5||26.8||129||50||100||78|
|Cream of Wheat (Regular)*||1.5||0.2||11||52||46||17||33|
|Malt-O-Meal (Original and Creamy Hot Wheat)*||1.8||0.2||9.9||48||37||22||46|
|Cream of Rice Cereal||0.9||0.1||11.4||52||3||17||33|
|Glutinous (Sticky, Sushi) Rice||2.0||0.2||21.1||97||2||8||8|
|White Rice (short grain)||2.4||0.2||28.7||130||1||33||25|
|White Rice (medium grain)||2.4||0.2||28.6||130||3||37||28|
|White Rice (long grain)||2.7||0.3||28.2||130||10||43||33|
|Brown Rice (medium grain)||2.3||0.8||23.5||112||10||77||69|
|White Bread (4 slices = 100 grams)||7.6||3.3||50.6||266||151||99||37|
|Whole Wheat Bread||9.7||4.2||46.1||246||72||229||93|
|Macaroni (cooked, unenriched)||5.8||0.9||30.1||158||7||58||37|
|Tapioca (dry mix) prepare with water, not milk||0.1||0.1||94.3||369||4||4||1|
|Tapioca Pearls (dry)||0.2||0.0||88.7||358||20||7||2|
* Values vary between brands and products. Quick versions
appear to be quite high in phosphorus, possibly due to the use of disodium phosphate to speed the cooking process (check the ingredient label). Regular, Instant and Mix'n Eat all have low phosphorus according to the Nutrition Database. Amounts for Malt-o-Meal were confirmed with the company in December 2012.
If "% of Daily Value" is shown, you can calculate the amount of phosphorus, which is based on adult recommendations of 1,000 mg. For example, if the box shows 2% of DV per serving, that would be approximately 20 mg phosphorus. Divide that number by the number of calories per serving and multiply by 100 to determine mg of phosphorus per 100 kcals. For example, if a serving has 20 mg phosphorus and 80 kcals, that would be 25 mg phosphorus per 100 kcals (20 ÷ 80 * 100).
You can contact me if you have any comments, but I regret to say that I can no longer respond to questions about individual dogs. See my Contact page for more information. My name is Mary Straus and you can email me at either or